OverviewAlexandria is a city located on the Mediterranean coast in northern Egypt. Founded by Alexander the Great in the 4th century BCE, it has a rich historical heritage. Renowned for its ancient lighthouse and the Great Library, once one of the largest libraries in the ancient world, Alexandria was a major center of learning and culture. Today, Alexandria features key landmarks such as Qaitbay Citadel, a fortress on the Mediterranean waterfront, and the modern Bibliotheca Alexandrina, a symbolic reconstruction of the ancient library. The city offers sandy beaches, a distinctive coastal atmosphere, and a blend of historical and contemporary influences. With a mix of cultural significance and economic importance, Alexandria stands as one of Egypt's major cities, reflecting a unique fusion of history and modern urban life.
Alexandria, located on the Mediterranean coast of Egypt, is a city rich in historical and cultural significance. Founded by Alexander the Great in 331 BCE, it became a hub of Hellenistic civilization with landmarks like the Pharos Lighthouse and the Great Library. The modern Bibliotheca Alexandrina, inaugurated in 2002, stands as a contemporary cultural and research center, reviving the legacy of the ancient library. Qaitbay Citadel, a medieval fortress, offers panoramic views of the Mediterranean. Alexandria's cultural treasures include the Catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa, showcasing a blend of Egyptian, Greek, and Roman influences, and the Montaza Palace surrounded by lush gardens. The city's picturesque Corniche along the waterfront and its inviting beaches provide a scenic backdrop. Today, Alexandria is a dynamic metropolis that seamlessly blends historical charm with modern urban life. It serves as a vital economic and cultural hub in Egypt, with a diverse population contributing to its vibrant and cosmopolitan atmosphere.